Ako môžu slová vystihovať realitu?
Odpoveď a závery vyplývajúce z danej odpovede:
|Gottlob Frege    |
Quine (1943) and Church (1951) rehabilitated Frege’s distinction of sense and reference. Non-designating words such as ‘Pegasus’ cannot be meaningless: it is precisely the meaning of ‘Pegasus’ that allows speakers to establish that the word lacks reference. Moreover, as Frege (1892) had argued, true factual identities such as 'Morning Star = Evening Star' do not state synonymies; if they did, any competent speaker of the language would be aware of their truth.